Here are some of Atlanta’s most Popular Architectures
The American Foursquare is known for its simple box shape, four room floor plan, low hipped roof with deep eaves, and full width porch. Otherwise known as the Prairie Box, the Foursquare is a post-Victorian style which shares the characteristic interiors of Craftsman Bungalows such as open floor plans, loads of built-ins, and fireplaces. The square form of this popular style allowed for spacious interiors on small city lots. Many Foursquares are outfitted with tiled roofs, cornice brackets, and/or other details pulled from Craftsman, Italian Renaissance, or Mission influences.
During the Victorian period, houses were built with steep pitched rooflines, multiple fireplaces, and asymmetrical lines. Many modest versions of the Country Victorian were built in intown Atlanta. These quaint homes usually boast fireplaces with decorative mantles, six panel wood doors in either heartpine or oak, hardwood floors and expansive front porches.
Bungalows were built as a reaction to the excesses and embellishments of the Victorian period. Stressing nature and the outdoors, many bungalows were constructed of natural materials from the surrounding landscape, and featured lots of large windows and porches. This is one of the most popular home styles in the intown Atlanta area with new homes being built in reproduction.
Otherwise known as the National Style, these noble homes reflect the stoic architecture of the ancient Greeks. Greek Revivals usually feature a clapboard exterior, basic moldings, plain friezes, a symmetrical shape, heavy cornices, and a pedimented gable. Oftentimes, they have porches with decorative columns and pilasters — and feature sidelights around the front door.
The Italianate style was inspired by the country villas of northern Italy and began in England as part of the picturesque movement. By the 1840’s, they began sprouting onto the American landscape in the form of rectangular masses, often arranged into asymmetric blocks. Featuring low-pitched, sometimes flat roofs, heavy supporting brackets under the eaves, and windows with one or two panes arched with decorated crowns, heavy hoods or elaborate surrounds, the style almost always includes porches or small porticos. Unfortunately, there are very few Italianates in the Atlanta area, as the 1860’s and 1870’s coincided with the economic devastation brought on by the Civil War.
The Ranch House style is a post-war style that was popular in the 1950s-70s. The humble Ranch has its roots in Frank Lloyd Wright’s celebrated Prairie Style. Low pitched roofs, natural materials, long horizontal form, high windows that provide indirect lighting, and simple/no ornamentation are both descriptions of the Prairie Style, as well as the Ranch. Atlanta has many Ranch style communities and neighborhoods from this era. New homes are also built with this style today.
The timeless Tudor revival style home takes its cue from medieval England. However, they oftentimes borrow generously from the Victorian and Arts & Crafts palette. Tudors feature overlapping gables, decorative half-timbering, narrow tall windows with small panes, massive chimneys, and/or intricately patterned brick or stone.
Known for fanciful detail, homes built in the Victorian period were oftentimes heavily ornamented with gingerbread and other showy decoration from this “Gilded Age.” The Victorian age produced many housing styles including the Italianate, Eastlake, Country Victorian, Gothic Revival, and Queen Anne. The Queen Anne is identified by steep roofs, front gables, patterned shingles (called fish scales), cutaway bay windows, graceful porches, asymmetric shapes, scenic towers, and decorative, soaring chimneys. Houses were often painted in bright colors with contrasting trim, known as “painted ladies.” The interior spaces of the Queen Anne range from square footage large enough for an extended family or scaled back to cottage sizes